Animal Health is relatively simple. A 5'n'1 vaccine, a drench for worms and lice and general common sense is all that is needed. Plus a few zinc pellets or a bit of zinc in the summer if facial eczema is a problem in your area.
Depending on the ground the llamas walk on they need their toenails trimmed every 1-2 months. If it is stoney ground you won't need to trim them as often.
- Llamas need to be shorn every 1-2 years. Generally they have a full shear one year and a barrel cut (around the main torso - belly and back) the next year.
In the male llama, fighting teeth erupt between the age of 2-3 years.These teeth are extremely sharp and are used in combat. Although it is not necessary, it is advisable to have them removed if paddocking males together. The teeth are not actually removed but sawn off with obstetrical wire.
Temperatures in normal adult llamas vary from 38.1-39.9 deg C. Normal cria temperatures vary from 38.7-40.1 deg C.
- Breeding. Female llamas are ready for breeding from about 18 months, depending on their size and development. Males mature between 2-3 years old. llamas breed in a prone position and may take up to 50 minutes. This time is normally very vocal. As llamas are induced ovulators, they can be breed at any time of the year. Gestation is about 350 days (11.5 months). Llamas produce one infant at a time - called a 'cria'. The cria are born in daylight hours and the birth is usually uneventful. It is very rare for a llama to have twins.